The table below shows the possible fruiting months for a wide variety of fruit trees, berries and vines. It also shows: the number of plants required for successful pollination (1 for self-fertile or 2+ for self-incompatible); whether the fruit will ripen after being picked (if kept at room temperature); and which parts of the tree bear the fruit (relevant for pruning).
Clearly, the schedule for a particular plant will depend on its variety. So, for example, whilst apple trees may have fruit at any time from February to September, Golden Delicious are typically ready to harvest in February, Granny Smith in April and Eve in June.
Click anywhere in the table to view a higher resolution version. Alternatively, here is a pdf version.
When pruning your fruit trees, berries or vines, it is important to understand what wood is going to bear the fruit next year. Two examples, illustrate the point.
First, ‘everbearing’ raspberries bear their best fruit on 1st year canes, so a lot of people cut all their canes down to the ground after harvesting. But standard ‘summer bearing’ raspberries bear their fruit on 2nd year canes so if you cut all their canes down to the ground after harvesting then you would get no raspberries the following year!
Second, grapes bear their fruit on current year growth. So, once a part of the vine has fruited, it will never fruit again. So, their annual prune typically comprises cutting off just about all of last year’s growth. Peaches, on the other hand, bear their fruit on last year’s growth (so-called 1-year-old wood) so if you pruned them like you prune grapes, you would get no peaches the following year!